《道德经(汉英对照)》（Laws Divine and Human）
WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
LAST UPDATED: Apr 11, 2019
Tao-teChing, it had previously been called Laozi in the belief that it was written by Laozi, identified by the historian SimaQian as a 6th-century-BCE curator of the imperial Chinese archives. The popularity of the Tao-teChing is reflected in the vast number of commentaries that have been written: over 350 have been preserved in Chinese and about 250 in Japanese. Since 1900 more than 40 translations have appeared in English.
The Dao of the Tao-teChing has received a wide variety of interpretations because of its elusiveness and mystical overtones, and it has been a basic concept in both philosophy and religion. In essence, it implies spontaneity, noninterference, letting things take their natural course:“Do nothing and everything is done.”Chaos ceases, quarrels end, and self-righteous feuding disappears because the Dao is allowed to flow unchallenged and unchallenging. Everything that is comes from the inexhaustible, effortless, invisible, and inaudible Way, which existed before heaven and earth. By instilling in the populace the principle of Dao, the ruler precludes all cause for complaint and presides over a kingdom of great tranquillity.